Worldwide Status of Wolves

Information from the World Wolf Status Report, of
the International Wolf Center, Ely Minnesota, 1997


In 1995 the world wolf status report was completed on the gray wolf, Canis lupus. The gray wolf also known as the timber wolf, tundra wolf, plains wolf, lobo, loup and vargen. It is found in many countries all over the world. The following data is from the 1997 update.

Bosnia and Hercegovina
Population: 400 (approximate)
Population Status: decreasing
Legal Status: unprotected
Main Prey: mufflon, roe deer, red deer


Canada
Population: 60,000+
Population Status: stable
Legal Status: game species, furbearing animal,
protection in some areas

Main Prey: moose, caribou, deer, beaver, goat, elk, bison


Croatia
Population: 50
Population Status: decreases due to killings, increases due to arrivals from Bosnia and Hercegovina
Legal Status: removed from the list of game species in 1994, protected since May 1995

Main Prey: roe deer, dogs, sheep


Denmark (only Greenland)
Population: 50-100
Population status: unknown
Legal Status: protected year-round in 90 percent of its range
Main Prey: musk oxen


France
Population: 7-15
Population Status: increasing, due to legal protection
Legal Status: fully protected, but the government can kill those deemed dangerous

Main Prey: roe deer, chamois, mufflon


Germany
Population: fewer then 10
Population Status: increasing, due to immigration from West Poland, less killing of wolves in West Poland
Legal Status: protected
Main Prey: red deer, roe deer, wild boar


India
Population: 1286-1570 (total count in five states)
Population Status: decreasing due to persecution, poisoning, and decrease in prey-base populations
Legal Status: protected by law
Main Prey: blackbuck, nilgai, domestic goats and sheep


Israel
Population: approximately 150
Population Status: stable
Legal Status: protected since 1954 (and well enforced)
Main Prey: gazelle, hare, garbage, carcasses of domestic animals


Italy
Population: 400-450
Population Status: increasing, due to increasing wild prey population, legal protection, decrease in agriculture and livestock in mountain areas
Legal Status: fully protected
Main Prey: deer, wild boar, mouflon, livestock and garbage


Macedonia
Population: 500 (approximate)
Population Status: stable?
Legal Status: unprotected
Main Prey: roe deer, red deer, hare, wild boar


Mongolia
Population: 30,000 (approximate)

Population Status: stable
Legal Status: not protected by law - is the only animal in Mongolia that can be hunted year round

Main Prey: wild game and domestic animals


PR of China
Population: 6000
Population Status: stable
Legal Status: protected by law for one year
Main Prey: Reeve's muntjac, wild boar, hare, sipka deer, chinese water deer, saiga deer


Poland
Population: 850-900
Population Status: stable
Legal Status: game species with protected period from April 1 to October 31

Main Prey: red deer, wild boar, roe deer


Portugal
Population: 250-300
Population Status: decreasing due to persecution and habitat destruction
Legal Status: fully protected
Main Prey: domestic goats, sheep, horses


Romania
Population: 2,500
Population Status: increasing, due to new laws against traps and poisons
Legal Status: none
Main Prey: red deer, roe deer, wild boars, sheep, dogs


Russia
Population: 30,000
Population Status: increasing after 1992, decreasing in some regions due to less wild prey populations
Legal Status: none
Main Prey: moose, deer, antelope, wild boar


Saudi Arabia
Population: 600-700
Population Status: stable
Legal Status: none
Main Prey: sheep, goats, chickens, garbage


Slovenia
Population: 20-25
Population Status: stable
Legal Status: protected
Main Prey: mufflon, roe deer, red deer


Slovakia
Population: 350-400
Population Status: slightly decreasing, due to overshooting- both legal and illegal
Legal Status: partial protection, hunted
Main Prey: red deer, wild boar


Sweden
Population: slightly more than 30
Population Status: increasing, due to increased acceptance of wolves, intensive information activities
Legal Status: full protection, may be killed/hunted under certain conditions

Main Prey: roe deer, moose, beaver, semi-domestic reindeer and sheep


United States of America (By State)


Alaska
Population: 5,227-8,060
Population Status: stable or increasing due to abundant prey in some areas, decline in prices and trapping efforts and more restrictions on hunting and trapping methods
Legal Status: classified as big-game animals and furbearers and may legally be taken during hunting and trapping seasons with bag limits and other restrictions, large areas of parks closed to taking of wolves

Main Prey: moose, caribou, sheep and black-tail deer


North Carolina
Population: 44-70
Population Status: increasing, due to addition of private land as wolf range, reintroduction, protection, natural reproduction
Legal Status: experimental nonessential Main Prey: white-tailed deer, racciin, nutria


Tennessee
Population: 10-16
Population Status: increasing, due to reintroduction, protection, natural reproduction
Legal Status: experimental nonessential
Main Prey: white-tailed deer, raccoon


Idaho
Population: 30
Population Status: increasing, due to ample prey and available habitat, legal protection, reintroduction
Legal Status: endangered, experimental nonessential
Main Prey: deer, elk


Michigan
Population: 116 on Upper Peninsula Michigan mainland
Population Status: increasing, due to reoccupation of former range and immigration from WI and MN
Legal Status: endangered
Main Prey: white-tailed deer, beaver


Isle Royale
Population: 22
Population Status: increasing due to improving food supply
Legal Status: endangered
Main Prey: moose, beaver, snowshoe hare


Minnesota
Population: 2,000-2200
Population Status: increasing, due to range expansion into areas previously thought unsuitable
Legal Status: threatened
Main Prey: white-tailed deer, moose, beaver, snowshoe hare


Montana
Population: ~70
Population Status: increasing, due to Endangered Species Act protection and ample habitat/prey
Legal Status: endangered
Main Prey: deer, elk


Washington
Population: unknown, less than 10 wolves
Population Status: unknown
Legal Status: endangered
Main Prey: deer, elk


Wisconsin
Population: 83-105
Population Status: increasing, due to high deer population and beaver population, improved public attitude, strong legal protection
Legal Status: endangered
Main Prey: deer, beaver, and snowshoe hare


Wyoming
Population: 35
Population Status: increasing, due to ample prey and available habitat, legal protection, reintroduction
Legal Status: endangered, experimental nonessential
Main Prey: deer, elk
BACK